The Venus Callipyge, also called the Aphrodite Kallipygos (Greek: ???????? ??????????) or the Callipygian Venus, all literally meaning "Venus (or Aphrodite) of the lovely butt", is an Early Romanmarble statue, believed to be a copy of an old Greek original. In an instance of anasyrma, it depicts a partly clothed girl, lifting her light peplos to uncover her hips and buttocks, and looking down and back over her shoulder, possibly to assess them. The issue is conventionally identified as Venus (Aphrodite), though it may equally be a portrait of a mortal girl.
The marble statue extant today dates to the late 1st century BC. The lost Greek original on which it's based is believed to have been carried out around 300 BC, towards the start of theHellenistic age, and to have been bronze. The provenance of the marble copy is not known, but it was rediscovered, missing its head, in the early modern era. The head was restored, first in the 16th century and again in the 18th century (in which case the sculptor followed the earlier restoration pretty closely); the restored head was made to look over the shoulder, bringing additional attention to the statue's naked bottom and thus leading to its popularity. In the 17th and 18th centuries the statue discussed by Athenaeus in his Deipnosophists and connected with a temple to Aphrodite Kallipygos at Syracuse, was identified as Venus. The statue was replicated several times, including by Jean- François and Jacques Clérion Barois.
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